Tchang Kaï-chek and his memorial
Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese military and political leader who led the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party) for five decades and was head of state of the Chinese Nationalist government between 1928 and 1949.
Chiang Kai-shek (also known as Jiang Jieshi) was born on 31 October 1887 in Zhejiang, an eastern coastal province of China. At the age of 18 he went to military training college in Japan. He returned to China in 1911 to take part in the uprising that overthrew the Qing Dynasty and established a Chinese republic. Chiang became a member of the Chinese Nationalist Party (known as the Kuomintang or KMT), founded by Sun Yat-sen.
After Sun's death in 1925, Chiang became leader of the KMT. He spearheaded the Northern Expedition which reunified most of China under a National Government based in Nanjing. In 1928, he led the suppression of the Chinese Communist Party.
Chiang oversaw a modest programme of reform in China but the government's resources were focused on fighting internal opponents, including the Communists. In 1946, civil war broke out between the KMT and the Communists. In 1949, the Communists were victorious, establishing the People's Republic of China. Chiang and the remaining KMT forces fled to the island of Taiwan. There Chiang established a government in exile which he led for the next 25 years. This government continued to be recognised by many countries as the legitimate government of China, and Taiwan controlled China's seat in the United Nations until the end of Chiang's life. He died on 5 April 1975. despite the democratic constitution, the government under chiang was a one-party state, consisting almost completely of mainlanders; the "temporary provisions effective during the period of communist rebellion" greatly enhanced executive powers, and the goal of retaking mainland china allowed the kmt to maintain a monopoly on power and the prohibition of opposition parties.The first decades after the Nationalists moved the seat of government to the province of Taiwan are associated with the organized effort to resist Communism known as the "White Terror", during which about 140,000 Taiwanese were imprisoned for their real or perceived opposition to the KuomintangUnder Chiang, the government recognized limited civil and economic freedoms, property rights (personal and intellectual) and other liberties. Despite these restrictions, free debate within the confines of the legislature was permitted. Under the pretext that new elections could not be held in Communist-occupied constituencies, the National Assembly, Legislative Yuan, and Control Yuan members held their posts indefinitely. The Temporary Provisions also allowed Chiang to remain as president beyond the two-term limit in the Constitution. He was reelected by the National Assembly as president four times—doing so in 1954, 1960, 1966, and 1972.
The memory of KMT is even very present in Taiwan, and the Sun Yat Sen Memorial Hall (above) and Chiang Kai Chek mémorial hall (below), which have been inaugurated 5 years after the general's death. I really appreciate this place, it is near my home and i cross the huge place when i go to the gym or the swimming pool. It is a peaceful place even that it is a memorial of a bloody man, and the contrast between that is funny for me. The two red buildings at the right and left side are a concert hall and a theatre.
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